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【世界趣闻录】各国的国庆节

来源: 新闻中心   作者: 陈安琪、鲁希玥  摄影:   编辑:鲁希玥  发布时间:2020年09月30日  点击次数:

 

时间过得真快啊,想不到开学都快一个月了。
可不是吗,转眼间国庆节就要到了。
说到国庆节,好想知道其他国家的国庆节是怎么过的呀!
好啊,今天就和我们一起,来看看各国人民是如何度过他们愉快的国庆假期吧!

首先来看看我们国家的国庆节吧!中国国庆日为每年10月1日,并以这一天作为宣告中华人民共和国成立的日子。从1950年起,每年的10月1日成为了中国各族人民隆重欢庆的节日。
China's National Day for the annual October 1, and to this day as the founding of the People's Republic of China. Since 1950, October 1 has become a grand festival celebrated by the Chinese people of all nationalities each year.

为了庆祝这个伟大的日子,新中国成立以来共举行了15次大阅兵。国庆当天,天安门广场会举行隆重的升旗仪式。普通民众也会举行很多活动来庆祝这个节日。国庆前后,大街上张灯结彩,飘扬着小红旗,家人朋友们相伴出游。
To celebrate this great day, a total of 15 major military parades have been held since the founding of new China. On the day of National Day, a grand flag-raising ceremony will be held in tiananmen square. Ordinary people also hold many activities to celebrate the festival. National Day around, the streets are decorated with lights, fluttering red flags, family and friends travel together.

但是今年比较特殊,由于疫情防控的需要,国庆假期调整了一天。没有了昔日的几天长假,或许我们不能出去游玩,不过,我们依然为我们的祖国喝彩,祝祖国母亲生日快乐。
But this year is quite special. Due to the need of epidemic prevention and control, the National Day holiday has been adjusted by one day. Without the days of the past long holiday, perhaps we can not go out to play, but we still cheer for our motherland.

各国都有自己的国庆日,对于任何一个国家来说,国庆节的意义都不寻常,这个日子对各国人民来说都是爱国日。我相信我们的国家,疫情防控终究会取得最终的胜利,我们会拥有举国同庆的一天。
Each country has its own National Day, for any one country, the significance of the National Day is unusual, this day for the people of all countries are patriotic day. I believe that our country will eventually win the epidemic prevention and control, and we will have a day of national celebration.

但你知道吗,加拿大国庆节只放一天假哦。加拿大日是加拿大的全国公众假日,定于每年的7月1日。 每到这个日子,全国放假一天,一同欢庆。目的是庆祝1867年7月1日加拿大自治领籍,《英属北美条约》将英国在北美的三块领地合并为一个联邦。
Canada Day is a national public holiday in Canada, observed on July 1 each year. On this day, the whole country has a day off to celebrate together. The aim is to celebrate the union of the three British territories in North America.

富有创意的加拿大人设计出了千奇百怪的枫叶系列服,连雨伞、眼镜也都是枫叶的造型,成为一道独特而靓丽的风景。2003年,加拿大皇家造币厂还为国庆发行了一枚彩色银币以示庆贺。
Creative Canadians designed a variety of maple leaf clothing series, even the umbrella, glasses are maple leaf shape, become a unique and beautiful scenery.In 2003, the royal Canadian mint celebrated the National Day with a silver coloured coin.

还有多伦多焰火秀,国庆日当天女王公园会举行各种各样的活动,公园内除了有亲子手工摊位、漫画站台、舞蹈表演、音乐表演,还有爱丽丝音乐剧给各位小朋友带来现场演出。
In addition to the Toronto fireworks show, there will be a variety of activities at Queen's Park on National Day, including family-friendly craft booths, comic stands, dance performances, music performances, and a live Alice in Wonderland musical for kids..

之前有一年渥太华在国会山举行了升旗仪式,之后进行守卫士兵的换岗和举行了钟琴音乐会。从10点到中午分别进行了演讲、表演、摇摆舞会和燃放烟花。渥太华的梅杰斯尚公园举办了历史展览活动和游戏挑战等。
The previous year Ottawa had held a flag-raising ceremony on Parliament Hill, followed by the changing of the guard and a glockenspiel concert. Speeches, performances, swing dances and fireworks were held from 10 to noon. Major Esham Park in Ottawa hosts historical exhibitions and game challenges.

国庆节的当天格兰维尔岛会举行多种活动,包括:巡游、国庆蛋糕、户外龙虾烹饪、现场爵士乐表演和南亚文化展会。这里特别适合亲子活动,大家都带上野餐毯和孩子,在免费的水上公园里尽情享受假期的欢乐。
Granville Island hosts a variety of events on the National Day, including a parade, National Day cake, outdoor lobster cook-off, live jazz performances and a South Asian culture fair. It's especially family-friendly, so everyone brings picnic blankets and kids to enjoy the holiday at the free water park.

这里还有萨里国情音乐节,这里举办的大温地区最大的免费户外音节,这也是加拿大西部最大的国庆活动之一,紧随音乐节之后的还有壮观的烟花活动。
There's also the Surrey National Music Festival,which hosts the largest free outdoor syllables in the big hot region, is also one of the largest national Day events in western Canada. The Festival is followed by Fruiticana Fireworks Spectacular.

接下来让我们一起走进英国,看看他们的国庆节吧!在君主立宪制国家英国,按历史惯例,国王的生日为英国国庆日,现伊丽莎白二世的生日为4月21日,但由于4月伦敦气候欠佳,因此将每年6月的第二个星期六定为“女王官方诞辰日”。
In the United Kingdom, a constitutional monarchy, according to historical practice, the King’s birthday is the British National Day, and the birthday of Elizabeth II is now April 21. However, due to the poor weather in London in April, the second Saturday of June is set every year as the "Official Birthday of the Queen".

英国在国庆节这天的主要活动,是女王亲自检阅英国皇家卫队。今年英国的国庆日是在6月14日。这天,英国皇家卫队在伦敦骑士卫队广场举行了盛大的阅兵式。英国女王伊丽莎白二世和她的丈夫爱丁堡公爵是坐马车去广场出席阅兵式的。
Britain’s main activity on the National Day is the Queen’s personal inspection of the Royal Guard. This year, Britain’s National Day is June 14th. On this day, the British Royal Guard held a grand military parade in Knights Guard Square in London. Queen Elizabeth II and her husband, the Duke of Edinburgh, took a carriage to the square to attend the military parade.

和美国的独立日比起来,英国国庆不免有王室“一己之私”的意味,加之还有不少人呼吁取消君主制,所以英国的国庆自然低调得多,不像美国那么隆重铺张。
Compared with Independence Day in the United States, the British National Day inevitably means the royal family's "selfishness", and there are many people calling for the abolition of the monarchy, so the British National Day is naturally much lower-key, not as grand as the United States.

女王贺寿活动中很重要的一项是:为国内外名流封爵授勋。受嘉奖者名单分别由政府和王室拟定,并在女王的官方生日公布。
One of the most important items in the Queen's birthday celebrations is: conferring honors on celebrities at home and abroad. The list of recipients was drawn up by the government and the royal family and announced on the Queen’s official birthday.

(Alors,Bienvenue dans la capitale du romantisme, la France.)法国国庆日是每年的7月14日。以纪念在1789年7月14日,巴黎群众攻克了象征封建统治的巴士底狱,从而揭开法国大革命序幕。在法国,每年国庆节的阅兵式是庆典活动的重头戏。
French National Day is celebrated every year on July 14. It commemorates the French Revolution, which began on July 14, 1789, when the Parisian masses stormed the Bastille, a symbol of feudalism. In France, the highlight of the festivities is the annual National Day military parade.

1880年,7月14日被正式确立为法国的国庆日,法国人每年都要隆重纪念这个象征自由和革命的日子。这一天的夜晚成为欢乐的海洋,法国的标志埃菲尔铁塔为火树银花所映衬。
In 1880, July 14 was officially established as France's national day, a symbol of freedom and revolution that is commemorated every year with great pomp and circumstance. The night is a time of joy and the Eiffel Tower, the symbol of France, is decorated with fireworks.

国庆节是法国最隆重的民众节日。7月14日这天,全国放假一天。节日前夕,家家户户都挂起彩旗,所有建筑物和公共场所都饰以彩灯和花环,街头路口架起一座座饰有红、白、蓝色布帷的露天舞台,管弦乐队在台上演奏着民间流行乐曲。
National Day is the most celebrated public holiday in France, and on 14 July, the whole country is closed. On the eve of the holiday, flags are displayed in every house, buildings and public places are decorated with lanterns and garlands, outdoor stages with red, white and blue curtains are set up at intersections.
为庆祝国庆节,法国每年都要在香榭丽舍大街上举行大规模的阅兵仪式。7月14日上午,大街戒严。空军机群飞抵凯旋门上空,阅兵开始。入夜,凯旋门上空,明亮的红、白、蓝三色探照灯光柱交叉摇曳,地面上节日的灯火与天空中缤纷的焰火交相辉映。
To celebrate the National Day, France holds a massive military parade on the Champs Elysees every year.On the morning of July 14, The parade begins as an air fleet flies over the Arc de Triomphe. At night, over the Arc de Triomphe, bright red, white and blue searchlight beams sway crosswise,the festive lights on the ground and the colorful fireworks in the sky.

每年法国政府还会邀请一些世界著名的音乐家前去表演。人们在铁塔下唱歌跳舞。在音乐晚会之后,将举行当晚的最隆重的活动—焰火晚会。在焰火晚会结束后,将会举行埃菲尔铁塔灯光秀表演作为谢幕。尽管晚会结束,但巴黎城中的喧闹将持续彻夜。
Every year, the French government also invites some of the world's most famous musicians to perform. People sing and dance under the Tower. After the music, the biggest event of the night, the fireworks, takes place. At the end of the fireworks, a light show from the Eiffel Tower will close the show. Despite the end of the evening, the hustle and bustle of the city will continue throughout the night.

德国的国庆节的由来是怎么样的呢?10月3日是德国的统一日,是全国法定假日,是为纪念德国正式宣布统一的国家性节日。
October 3 is Reunification Day in Germany, a national holiday commemorating the union on October 3, 1990.

10月3日,人们在德国柏林勃兰登堡门前举行的统一日庆祝活动上观看演出。 10月1日至3日,柏林勃兰登堡门前会举行文艺演出、游艺美食等庆祝活动。
People watch a performance at the Unification Day celebration in front of the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin, Germany, on Oct. 3. Cultural performances, amusement food and other celebrations are held in front of the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin from Oct.1.to Oct.3

德国将在国会大厦前的共和广场,6月17号大街和勃兰登堡门附近举行一次全民聚会。
In Germany, a national party will be held at Republicanplatz in front of the Reichstag, on 17th June, near the Brandenburg Gate.

除主办地外,柏林整座城市都将迎来各种表演,来自艺术,音乐,喜剧,诗歌大满贯和戏剧领域的大小演员在此次欢庆会上展现自己,还有旨在展示各种城市多元文化底蕴的音乐节目。
In addition to the host city, the entire city of Berlin will be filled with performances, from the fields of art, music, comedy, poetry slam and theater, as well as musical performances that will showcase the city's multicultural heritage.

1990年10月2日,东德政府机关停止工作,西德接收了东德的驻外使领馆,10月3日,两德统一庆典在柏林举行,两德正式宣布统一。
On October 2, 1990, the East German government offices ceased working, West Germany took over East German embassies and consulates abroad, and on October 3, the reunification celebrations were held in Berlin, with the formal declaration of the unification of the two Germany's.

按照1990年统一以来的规矩,各个州的首府轮流举办庆祝活动。所以,尽管是逢五逢十之际,首都柏林没有举办隆重庄严的庆典也不算奇怪。
As has been the case since reunification in 1990, celebrations are held in the capitals of the L?nder in turn. It is therefore not surprising that the capital, Berlin, does not celebrate with much pomp and ceremony, even though it is the 10th day of the 5th lunar month.

讲了这么多,大家有没有对这些国家的国庆节假期有更深的了解呢?
当然我学到了很多啊,亲爱的听众朋友们,下期节目我们同一时间不见不散!

现在插播一条抗疫小贴士:疫情期间,与人碰面、到公共场所、进入人员密集或密闭场所、乘坐公共交通工具等时,均建议戴口罩。独处或在空旷场所,可以不戴口罩。

 


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